To know hypertension just a little bit better, your blood pressure is composed of two numbers. The first one is called the systolic blood pressure. In layman’s terms, it is the amount of blood your heart pumps at any given time. The second number, called the diastolic pressure, is the amount of pressure in your veins and arteries when the heart rests between contractions.

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, generally means the systolic measurement is above 140, and the diastolic above 90. So at all times, the pressure in your arteries and veins are at least at 90, peaking over 140 when your heart contracts. You can get a better sense of the numbers when you measure it against normal blood pressure, which on the average is 120 over 80.

How Blood Pressure Remains High

Several conditions have been known to cause hypertension. Too much salt in the food that you eat is a common cause. A family medical history of hypertension does not help either. Obesity and stress often go hand in hand with hypertension. Smoking also increases the probability of high blood pressure, as well as diabetes.

However, if you take notice of these conditions, all but one has a remedy. If your family has a history of hypertension, it is much better to act accordingly, rather than add more causes to your potential condition. All the other causes can be remedied by a change in lifestyle, and can help maintain your blood pressure at healthier levels if you take the precautions.

The Symptoms

If you feel that you are still far off from taking the precautions, measure yourself against these symptoms. If you often hear buzzing, or are easily tired, have headaches often, and you experience the occasional nosebleed, you might want to check your blood pressure. The test is simple and painless, so no worries there.

The Treatments for Hypertension

Take note that many treatments are available for those suffering from hypertension. Often, your doctor will prescribe two or more pills for you to take, and if you still experience headaches even while under medication, tell your doctor – the other available treatments are just as effective.

But these treatments are effective only with a change of lifestyle that comes along with managing hypertension in your life. The root causes for hypertension are clearly defined, and the only reason your medicine will not work is because your lifestyle is supporting your hypertension, and you have not changed your ways.

For example, a healthy diet with less salt in it plus regular exercise goes a long way in keeping high blood pressure in check. Calming exercises such as yoga could even be better. Avoiding highly stressful situations at work is another – you can cut back from your responsibilities to lessen your stress levels.

You may have to be careful for the rest of your life in keeping your blood pressure normal, but that is a small price to pay when faced with the alternative. All you need is a change of pace, preferably a much slower and healthier pace to let your medicine do its work, and to let you live a less worrisome life.